construcción_estado

Consolidation of the Saharawi State

WORKSHOP CONCLUSIONS

The current situation of the conflict in Western Sahara has brought forward a scenario of particular severity at this time, which is affecting the whole region and is determined by the following parameters, among others:

  • The State of war, decrees by the government of the SADR from 13 November 2020, in view of the violation of the cease of fire by the Moroccan Government in the area of the Guerguerat, when it attacked the civilian Saharawi population with its army.
  • The passiveness and complicity of the International Community, in particular the UN, who have not imposed the Government of Morocco to celebrate a Referendum, after 29 years of the cease of fire.
  • The failure of the Moroccan politics in the unilateral acknowledgement of their sovereignty over the Western Sahara, despite the UN Resolutions.
  • The explosive situation created in the whole region with the rupture of diplomatic relations between Algeria and Morocco, the intervention of Israel in the conflict, the tensions with the EU and AU, which translates in an increase of instability and a severe threat for the security and peace in the whole region.
  • The recent ruling issued in September 2021 by the EU Court of Justice that leaves the trade agreements between the EU and Morocco without effect that affects Western Sahara and reiterates that Western Sahara does not belong to the Moroccan sovereignty.

Based on this new scenario, the workshop on the consolidation of the Saharawi State has created a Work Schedule for 2022, which includes the initiatives already agreed upon in previous years and introduces others in accordance with the current situation.

WORK PROPOSAL FOR 2022

  1. The need of an urgent solution for the current state of war which will prevent the military escalation in the region and the death of innocent people. This would require clear and credible action on behalf of the UN and EU on the Moroccan Government in order to respect international legality in Western Sahara and the application of UN resolutions that ensure the independency option for the Saharawi society.
  2. Continue promoting a pressure CAMPAIGN in order for the Spanish Government, as the administrative power of the territory and its responsibility, to promote:
    • The voidness of the 1975 Madrid agreements and the promotion of necessary political initiatives to defend the legitimate right of the Saharawi to their self-determination and independence, since it is a matter of decolonisation within the UN framework.
    • The acknowledgement of the diplomatic status of the representation before the Polisar Front in Spain, as the sole representative of the Saharawi, as set forth in the UN resolutions.
    • The sensitive increase of the humanitarian cooperation and development with the refugee Saharawi, with formulas that will ensure their sustainability, and the maintenance of essential services of the refugee population.
    • Participation of the Cervantes Institute functions and resources at the camps.
    • That the Monitoring Committee will establish the content for the campaign, calendar and execution.
    • Material support to neutralise the effects of the COVID-19 at camps and freed territories.
  3. Continue supporting and promoting political initiatives, putting pressure on the international organisations (UN and EU) and the governments of Morocco, France and Spain (administrative power of the territory) and to each of the governments in order to:
    • Celebrate the referendum of self-determination and independence of the Western Sahara, in compliance with UN resolutions.
    • Cease the plundering of natural resources in Western Sahara by means of the application of the rulings issued by the EU Court of Justice in 2018 and 2021.
    • Cease the repression of the Human Rights by the Moroccan Government in Western Sahara and the liberation of all the Saharawi political prisoners in Moroccan prisons, as well as the opening of the territory to international observance commissions, defenders of Human Rights.
  4. The priorities to continue supporting the development and consolidation of the Saharawi State for 2022 will focus on enhancing:
    • The National Health System.
    • The National Education System.
    • The strengthening of the Public Function at all the Ministeries.
    • The creation of employment at the camps, in particular addressed to women and youth.
    • The democratic participation of the population, enhancing the correct rendering of the Daïras and Wilayas.
    • The development of the freed territories.
  5. In order to achieve the above, the establishment of a system with incentives and motivations becomes necessary to maintain the Saharawi workers that sustain these public services at the refugee camps, avoiding their migration and ensuring the service to the population with minimum conditions. To this extent, a cooperation project between governments and public institutions will be carried out, which will not result in a decrease of humanitarian cooperation.
  6. To obtain the resources aimed at establishing a system of incentives in the public function, is it key to involve:
    • The Spanish state as the administration power of Western Sahara.
    • The European Union and United Nation Organisations.
    • Regional and national cities and governments.
    • The Monitorisation Committee will foment permanent lobbying to obtain these funds for this purpose, at each Institution and in each country.
  7. Further to the system of incentives, it is vital to substantially increase projects aims at:
    • Fight against the effects of the COVID-19 at the camps.
    • Humanitarian cooperation to confront basic needs.
    • Cooperation for development to create work placements and enable development actions.
    • Projects for the development of the freed territories.
    • Projects to maintain the administration functions of the wilayas and dairas. To this extent, the Ministry of Cooperation of the SADR will create a proposal for 2022.
  8. Continue managing the incorporation of other countries and regional governments to collaborate in:
    • The technical training of Saharawi workers.
    • Technical advice in certain aspects.
    • Making the most of the experience in terms of managing public services.
    • Administrative and bureaucracy functioning.
    • Providing economic and material resources.
    • To this extent, new tools will be implemented with the Saharawi wilayas and dairas.

For this purpose, a Conference of Solidarity and Sister Cities in Spain will be organised as well as an international conference in Italy in 2022.

Likewise, a space for coordination and communication will be created between the European Solidarity Movement and the Latin American movement to create sensitivity and the realisation of campaigns together.

In addition, cooperation in the training of young Saharawi and people responsible for the administrative management will be promoted by means of a collaboration with the University of Tifariti and the universities in Algeria, in particular, the university of Tinduf, and universities from other countries.

  1. Optimise the use of resources by means of the intensive use of new technologies to support the management of the Government at all levels, with the development of or the following objectives:
  • Creation of a work team for this task.
  • Writing of the legal basis for the processing of information.
  • Identification of specific procedures that will be computerised.
  • Cover needs in terms of technology infrastructure.
  • Constant capacitation of people.

 

  1. Incorporate into our discourse, the commitment with the promotion of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). This is a political agreement reached between global governments and its contents and fully application to the situation of Western Sahara.
  2. Operation of the Monitoring Commission of the Workshops to foment and coordinate the Work Schedule for 2022. The Commission will be made up of the Saharawi representatives and the solidarity movement from the countries that coordinate these aspects. The Commission will have a Coordination Secretary to facilitate the permanent operativity and continuation of the approved plan, as well as the scheduled meetings calendar and the coordination with the Task Force.

The monitoring committee will be coordinated by Carmelo Ramírez and Abdulah Arabi and will be called for the first fortnight of February to set the development of the work plan, calendar and execution thereof.

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