In the case of Western Sahara, it is evident that the effective application of the principles and norms of international law and the effective safeguarding of the human rights of the Saharawi population (in the refugee population camps and in the occupied territories) have always been subject to geopolitical interests.
It is also evident that the Spanish state must exercise its responsibility as the administering power of Western Sahara – a responsibility recognized as a sacred duty in the United Nations Charter – to put an end to the process of decolonization of the Saharawi People on the basis of their inalienable right to self-determination.
The Spanish State continues to be legally and politically responsible for this tragedy. As long as the Saharawi people cannot freely decide their future, Spain will continue to be morally and legally responsible for the suffering and permanent violation of human rights in Western Sahara.
What measures could be adopted to push the Spanish State to assume and apply a foreign policy action consistent with said responsibility?
What measures could be adopted to push the Spanish State to lead within the EU a policy aimed at ending the occupation, a policy aimed at a just resolution of the conflict?
What measures could be adopted to ensure that Spanish foreign policy goes beyond mere declarations, innocuous diplomacy and welfare?
How could we achieve that in the policy of the Spanish administration (at its different levels) the inalienable, permanent and unconditional right of the Saharawi People to self-determination and their right to permanent sovereignty over their wealth and natural resources is effectively considered ?